Vito Guido

Professor of Civil Engineering

Summer Intern Program

In this section the projects done in the summers of 2011,2012, 2013, 2014 and 2015 will be highlighted. Two focused on sustainable design and the application of the criteria of Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) to obtain a LEED certified project and the remaining focused on Hurricane Sandy.

Summer 2011:

Recently, Long Island Mac Arthur Airport (LIMA) was designated as an Official Metro Airport,meaning it is now being grouped with LaGuardia, JFK and Newark in travel and informational services for New York airports. The project given to the summer interns was to trnsform LIMA into a "green" airport, creating  a healthier and more sustainable environment. Both LEED, which is for buildigs and can have Certified, Silver, Gold and Platinum ratings and Greenroads, which assesses the sustaianability of roads and can have Bronze, Silver, Gold and Evergreen ratings, were used. The LIMA Project received a Gold rating by implementing the following renovations. These included implementing rainwater collection systems for irrigation and rest room use, encouraging the use of carpools, fuel-eficient and low -emission vehicles through preferred parking and financial incentives, reducing light pollution at night by decreasing the input power of lights, using local materials for construction and replacing excessive engery use by producing renewable energy on-site. The LIMA Project also received a Gold rating from Greenroads by implmenting the following renovations to roads in and within the proximity of the airport. This will be done by using recycled and warm-mix asphalt to reduce fossil fuel usage and emissions at hot- mix asphalt plants, the roads will be graded to provide for maximum stormwater runoff potential to flow into underground tanks as a reservoir for the airport's rainwater harvesting system, parking lots will be improved by implmenting energy-efficient LED bulbs and motion sensors to reduce light pollution and excess energy use in empty parking lots and runways, reduce emissions by using electric cars to replace trailers for luggage as well as rental cars and other previously used connections to public transportation in the area and planting native species to provide cleaner air as well as a scenic view.

Summer 2012:

The site 51 Astor Place occupies the entire block between 3rd Avenue and 4th Avenue and is between Astor Place and 9th Street in the East Village of Manhattan. The project given to the summer interns was to design a building on the site which would be "green". This would be implmented by using the LEED criteria for new construction. The building was a mix-use building of seven stories above grade and one story below grade. A parking garge was provided in the below grade space, the first two floors above grade were designated for retail space and the remaining five floors above grade were for office rentals. Buildings which are LEED certified are more productive and healthier places to live and work and have higher resale values than similar buildings without sustainable features. The building received a Platinum LEED rating by implementing the following items. To reduce the heat island effect under ground parking will be provided, existing trees and plants on site will not be removed in ordre to provide shade, and at least 50% of the roof will be covered by both intensive and extensive gardens, maximizing the diversity of the plants and trees used. In order to reduce the consumption of water the following steps were initiated; potable water consumption for irrigation was reduced 50% and a 40% water savings was realized by using urinals and toilets taht had multiple flush quantities. The use of refrigerants that do not damage the ozone layer and the use of green power were just two ways of minimizing energy performance. By using materials with recyled content, building materials and products that are extracted and manufactured within the region and the use of rapidly renewable materials, the environmental impact of the materials used in the buiding will be minimized. The use of low emitting materials for adhesives, sealiants, paint and coatings will reduce the harmful effects of high levels of volatile organic compounds (VOC's). By using low emitting flooring systems, furniture, furnishings, ceiling and wall systems indoor air contaminants that are ecologocally and biologically harmful for the site and occupants are eliminataed.

Summer 2013:

On October 29, 2012 Hurricane Sandy devasted the coastlines of New Jersey, New York and Conneticut, inflicting billions of dollars in damage and the loss of life. The project given to the summer interns was to investigate Hurricane Sany by looking at four key points. These points were addressed by dividing the class into four groups with each group assigned one of the four points. The first point was the history of hurricanes, what are they and how do they form, how are they named, worst hurricanes on record. The second point investigated was Hurricane Sandy itself, the loss of life and property due to the hurricane, the economic impact on the affected communities and the response of the Federal Emergency Management Association (FEMA) to this natural disaster.The third point was to look at storm surge, what is it and how can communities located in flood zones be protected from it. The fourth point was how can tunnels and subway tunnels be protectd from flooding due to storms such as Hurricane Sandy. In addition, each of the four groups had to come up with a design for either storm surge protection and/or prevention of tunnel flooding.

Summer 2014:

In the fall of 2012 Hurricane Sandy devastated the eastern coastline of the United States inflicting losses in both life and and property. There were two Civil Engineering projects in the summer of 2014, one of which dealt with Hurricane Sandy. The group that choose the Hurricane Sandy project consisted of 12 students. These 12 students were divided into four subgroups of three students each. Each subgroup was given a specific task, which were the history of hurricanes, storm surge protection, Hurricane Sandy and flood protection of tunnels. In addition, each group and to concieve of a storm surge protection system and build a model of their design. The four designs were as follows: flood tanks that would be placed in Jamaica Bay, flap gates (similar to the ones used in Venice) to be placed from Liberty State Park in New Jeresey to the Brooklyn Cruise Terminal in New York, a split boardwalk that would serve as both a flood wall and a breaking wall in Coney Island Brooklyn, New York and a tunnel protection system at Whitehall Ferry Station in Manhattan, New York.


Summer 2015:

Since Hurricane Sandy devasted the coastlines of New Jersey and New York City local, state and federal governments have looked at numerous ways to mitigate the damage from future Sandy type hurricanes. In the Summer of 2015 there were 19 students in the Civil Engineering group. Thes students were divided into five subgroups that looked at five different topics pertaining to hurricanes. One group concentrated on what are hurricanes and how they are named and catagorized. Another group looked specifically at Hurricane Sandy, the damage it caused and the loss in life and property. A third group looked at what storm surge is and how it can be mitigated. While another group looked at tunnell flooding due to storm surge and the possible solutions to this problem. The fifth group looked at the Big U, a project for storm surge protection in lower Manhattan. Each group was then given the task of coming up with a storm surge protection system and to create both a cad drawing and physical model of their design.